What are Peptic Ulcers?
A gastric ulcer is a peptic ulcer that forms in the stomach. The intestinal and stomach linings can fend for themselves. The breakdown of this coating causes inflammation and swelling in the underlying tissue. If you have been diagnosed with a Peptic Ulcer and have symptoms as mentioned below, visiting Dr Atul Shah for the Treatment of Peptic Ulcer can help you. Keep on reading to know about the Symptoms and Causes of Peptic Ulcers.
What Causes Peptic Ulcers?
pylori is a bacterium that is widely believed to be the root cause of gastric ulcers. The stomach produces acid as a defense mechanism against microorganisms. The duodenum produces a protective mucus layer to shield the stomach from these acidic juices.
The production of acid and mucus work together to keep everything in check. When this equilibrium is disrupted, ulcers arise because the acid damages the stomach lining.
What are the Factors Responsible for Peptic Ulcers?
- Infection with the bacterium H. pylori
- Overuse of NSAIDs, which include pain relievers like ibuprofen, can cause serious side effects.
- High Cigarette Use
- Excessive calcium production; also known as hypercalcemia.
- If you are suffering from Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which causes abnormally high acid production in the body.
- Abuse of alcoholic beverages without moderation
What are the Symptoms of Peptic Ulcer?
The following are some of the most common signs & symptoms of peptic ulcer:
- Reduced weight
- Abdominal pain that is both sharp and aching
- Bloody vomit
- Gastric reflux and belching
- No amount of eating or drinking can ease the discomfort.
- Discomfort in the abdomen within two to three hours after eating
How is Peptic Ulcer Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of Peptic Ulcer requires a few tests.
Diagnostic Procedures for Peptic Ulcer include:
Tissue from the stomach is removed endoscopically and examined under a microscope. When a patient has experienced a substantial loss of body weight or blood, this examination is typically performed.
X-ray with Contrast
The patient drinks a thick white liquid called barium sulfate as a contrast medium before getting an x-ray. The x-ray makes the stomach and intestines easy to see and examine.
A thin, lighted tube is sent down through the mouth and into the stomach to check for and identify an ulcer.
How is Peptic Ulcer Treated?
- The elimination of H. pylori infection and the use of antacids are the mainstays of ulcer treatment.
- Bleeding and perforation are two serious complications of ulcers that necessitate immediate medical attention
- Certain cases of gastric ulcers necessitate surgical excision of the affected area. Repair with an omental patch is effective for duodenal ulcer perforation.
- Even the most difficult ulcers can be treated laparoscopically by a team of skilled gastrointestinal and laparoscopic surgeons.
You Can Read More: Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery
Peptic ulcer treatment should not be delayed as it may cause various complications. You can contact Dr Atul Shah for the most optimum treatment of Peptic Ulcers in Ahmedabad