What is Hiatal Hernia?

A hiatal hernia is a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes into the chest through an opening in the diaphragm. The muscular sheet separating the chest from the abdomen is called the diaphragm.

What are the causes of Hiatal Hernia?

Hiatal Hernia is of unknown etiology i.e.Hiatal hernia’s precise cause is unknown. The weakening of the supporting tissue may be the cause of the condition. As you get older, fatter, and smoke more, your risk of the issue increases. Hiatal hernias are quite typical. Those over the age of 50 frequently have the issue.

This disorder might be brought on by the reflux (backflow) of stomach acid into the esophagus.

Most typically, this disease is present at birth in children (congenital). Infants frequently experience it along with gastroesophageal reflux.

What are the Symptoms of Hiatal Hernia?

Hiatal hernia sufferers frequently have no idea that they have the ailment. Some individuals may have:

  • Chest Discomfort
  • Burping
  • Taste Something Unpleasant due to acid reflux.
  • Heartburn May Be Brought On By Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.
  • Bloating
  • Being Unable To Swallow
  • Nausea, And An Upset Stomach
  • Breathing Difficulties

A patient must seek immediate medical attention if they experience  the following:

  • Ongoing Stomach Discomfort
  • Unable To Urinate Or Exhale.
  • Stomach Or Chest Pains That Are Intolerable
  • Vomiting

These medical conditions—a strangulated hernia or a blockage—could be indicated by these Hiatal Hernia symptoms.

What is the Treatment of Hiatal Hernia?

Symptom relief and preventing recurrence are the two main objectives of treatment.

 Treatments could consist of:

  • Medications For Reducing Stomach Acids like antacids like Proton pump inhibitors or H-2 receptor blockers to lessen the amount of stomach acid produced.
  • Hiatal Hernia Repair And Reflux Prevention Surgery

Other steps to lessen symptoms include:

  • Not Eating A Lot Or Substantial Meals
  • Not Stooping Or Crouching Immediately After A Meal
  • Losing Weight And Quitting Smoking
  • Increasing The Bed’s Head Support By 4 To 6 Inches (10 To 15 Centimeters)
  • Surgery Can Be Necessary If Medications And Lifestyle Changes Are Unable To Treat Your Symptoms.

Read More: What Happens After Hernia Surgery?


Hiatal hernia is a condition where a portion of the stomach protrudes into the chest through an opening in the diaphragm. Symptoms include chest discomfort, burping, unpleasant taste, heartburn, bleeding, nausea, and breathing difficulties. Patients should seek medical attention if they experience persistent stomach discomfort, difficulty urinating or exhaling, stomach or chest pains that are intolerable, or vomiting. Visit Dr. Atul Shah for the best treatment of Hiatal hernia.

Dr Atul Shah

Dr Atul Shah

Dr. Atul Shah is a senior Laparoscopic & GI Surgeon practicing at Ahmedabad for more than 25 years. At present he is the MEDICAL DIRECTOR, at Kaizen institute of Gastroenterology and practicing laparoscopic Bariatric and Hernia surgeon.

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